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Thu, 30 Mar 17 .
Bach. Claudio Brenes, M.Sc. (Updated by Dr. Pablo Alvarado)
Creation and the beginning of the Technological Institute of Costa Rica
The Technological Institute of Costa Rica (ITCR) is created with the approval of Legislative Decree No. 4777 and the enactment of the Law, 9 and 10 June 1971 respectively. It was the culmination of a process that began in 1966 in the Legislative Assembly with a project to create an educational institution in the field of technology, which continued in 1970 when the Higher Education Council, in conjunction with the Ministry of Education and the Office of Planning Presidency, presented to the Legislative Assembly Building Project Technological Institute of Costa Rica. Back in 1979 this law will be amended by Law No. 6321, which in turn receives a reform to the Law No. 7480 in February 1995.
Then it gives the new institution of a Board of Directors, which is installed on 14 September 1976 and July 20, 1972 sworn in its first Rector, Mr. Vidal Quirós.
Among his first actions emphasizes the management to other governments, advisory and technical assistance, which began to achieve with Mexico, the Federal Republic of Germany and England.
Since its headquarters would be the province of Cartago, the City donated to ITCR a building located in that city, which allowed house its administrative offices from its early years.
By that time the lands were purchased would build the campus of the institution, located in the southeast sector of the city of Carthage.
With the support received, especially the Mexican government does plan their academic development, construction and equipping of the institution.
Given the urgency of starting the academic activity in 1973, are designed and built the first facilities, which in March of this year receive the first group of students who enter introductory courses of the first races attending the Institute: Construction, Industrial Maintenance Industrial Production.
Creating and launching of the Electronic Race
With a second priority on races that would address ITCR since its inception, we propose the careers of Electronics, Industrial Timber and Land routes.
Given the relationships that the Institute had achieved the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, in mid-1975 he traveled to Costa Rica Ing Gerd Lehm, German expert specialized in teaching electronics, in order to establish the basis for a blueprint for cooperation between his country and Costa Rica, specifically with the Technological Institute of Costa Rica. This provided for under the Technical Cooperation Agreement between the Governments of the Federal Republic of Germany and Costa Rica agreed to establish the project of "Section of Electronics at the Technological Institute of Costa Rica."
The mission was assigned to this "Section E" was the "train as electronics technicians and skilled workers to high school graduates with professional experience who have passed the fourth round of diversified education" in a period of three years.
For the development of the aforementioned project, the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany has committed to sending a technical consultant for training in electronics for a period of three years, who in collaboration with the administration and faculty ITCR "Section" define and implement the curriculum in the career of Electronics, the supply of technical equipment for a laboratory that would include 20 jobs, an experimental collection, installation of additional classrooms for theoretical instruction and learning materials; got to give training in Germany three Costa Ricans, to then play in the "Electronics Section."
For the Government of the Republic of Costa Rica is committed to customs clearance and transportation of equipment, providing the staff, management and support workers, to construct buildings and provide furniture and materials necessary for the operation of "Section of Electronics" .
In January 1976, the Technological Institute of Costa Rica begins with the care of seven new races, including Electronics, being launched on the very basis of the Technical Cooperation Project between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Costa Rica, recently signed.
The German Technical Cooperation Society Ltd., GTZ, was responsible for the German Technical Cooperation Project Germany-Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Department of Electronics.
The G.T.Z. recruited and sent to Costa Rica in January 1976 the expert Mr. Gerd H. Lehm to be responsible, together with the Costa Rican counterpart of project management.
The period 1975-1978 can be identified as a first stage of the career development of electronics, marked by the creation and start of the race and the first graduating class of the race respectively. During this first stage was developed many important activities among which include:
Since 1979, we could distinguish a second stage of the race of Electronics, in which important events marked the beginning:
The two-year extension of the cooperation by the German government to the career of electronics, which consisted mainly of a further advice by the German expert on aspects of teaching and teaching methods of electronic engineering, the complete organization teaching materials of various specialty courses of the race, the additional supply of laboratory equipment and teaching, components, materials and spare parts, and finally the granting of scholarships for graduate study by teachers of the race.
The launch of a new curriculum of the School of Electronics and the formation of the definition of Technical Engineer in Electronics, with Bachelor's Degree. The new curriculum was composed of eight semesters in which seventh full semester unfolded a Specialty Practice in the domestic industry.
As part of institutional events is important to note the enactment of the Organic Statute in December 1982 and launched in January the following year, which led to significant changes in the structure and organization of the Institute.
A third stage is identified in the career development of Electrónicia from 1986, marked by several events:
The curriculum review as part of a movement that encourages institutional From 1988, implement a new curriculum of the School of Electronics aimed at granting the academic degree of Bachelor of Engineering Education in Electronics. This curriculum would consist of a total of 10 semesters and the completion of a Final Project Graduation. Parallel starts to run a transitional plan aimed at graduates, in order that these could opt for the new degree.
As part of an institutional definition, the total curriculum of the School of Electronic Engineering is divided into the Curriculum for the degree of Bachelor and Curriculum for Degree.
Since 1987, establishing a parallel program with the German government grants through the office of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), which is accomplished with which teachers Electronics career traveling to the Federal Republic of Germany and Mexico to pursue postgraduate studies for the Masters in different fields of Electronics, in turn visited by scholars from the Federal Republic of Germany over several years and sales companies in different periods in his career academic Electronics. This graduate fellowship program and the advice received tended to an end, which would be the implementation of the Master Race Electrónica.Los teachers who obtained their postgraduate studies in Germany were Mr. Paulino Mendez (RWTH-Aachen) , Mr. Arnoldo Rojas (TU-Berlin), Mr. Pedro Murillo (TU-Darmstadt), Mr. EduArt Interiano (TU Hamburg-Harburg), and Carlos Incer (TU-Berlin).
A race of Electronics, which has been developing its beginnings in the building built in 1975/1977 in gives new facilities in the fields of the Institute since 1990 where it has a greater number of classrooms and mid laboratorios.A the 90 is renamed "Department of Electronics" to "School of Electrical Engineering."
During 2002 a self-assessment process in order to qualify for international accreditation then the race. Results of this process was the merger of programs and undergraduate school in the new 806 degree plan with a duration of five years, with the last half reserved for the final work for graduation.
During 2003 preparations were made for the accreditation process by the CEAB (Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board), with broad participation of the administrative, teaching and school estudiatil.
In April 2004 he underwent the visit of the evaluators of the CEAB, and in September 2004 was accredited for a period of six años.Entre the years 2003 and 2007 prepared a new doctoral emphasis in Applied Electronic Technology in the Graduate Program Inter Natural Sciences for Development. This proposal integrates doctors School of Physics, Science and Engineering of Materials, Electromechanical Engineering and Electronic Engineering. The proposal was approved by the Board of Electronics Engineering School in April 2005 and then began a process involving the approval of the three universities participating in the doctoral program, and concluded with the approval of emphasis by CONARE 25 March 2008. The first class entered the emphasis in the first half of 2009.
Between 2005 and 2008 are prepared to deliver the proposal by the School of Computer Engineering in the Computer Engineering Program, which was approved by the Constitutional Council in August 2008 and CONARE in November 2008. The first group of students for this race was received in the first half 2009.
Between 2005 and 2009 was prepared to deliver the proposal by the School of Electromechanical Engineering Mechatronics Engineering career. This proposal was approved by the Constitutional Council in May 2009, and CONARE in July 2009.
Race With the accreditation of Electronic Engineering, and the goals set by the Institutional Congress III, is set envidencia the need to strengthen research activities. This work took the School, which has steadily increased the number of projects enrolled in the Vice Presidency for Research and participation in projects from other schools. The number of teachers with doctoral degrees has increased from 1 in 2004 to 4 in 2010, with a reintegration plan for researchers with a doctor degree of at least 1 per year until 2015.
The research organization at the department has followed a laboratory structure. The LIRA (Robotics and Automation Research Lab), the SIPLab (Signal and Image Processing Lab), the LEAPA (Lab of Applied Electronics to Environmental Protection) and the LabVLSI (Microelectronics Lab) were all created on 2007. On 2011 LEAPA was extended to SESLab (Laboratory of Electronic Systems for Sustainability) and the Electronics Engineering Department co-founded with other university instances the Research Program on Nanotechnology.
CONSULTED : BIBLIOGRAPHY
Costa Rica. Organic Law of the Technological Institute of Costa Rica. No. 6321 of April 27, 1975.
Costa Rica. Law Reform Institute of Technology of Costa Rica. No. 7480 of 18 febreo 1995.
I.T.C.R. 71-73 Memory Technology Institute of Costa Rica.
I.T.C.R. What is Tec?
I.T.C.R. Department of Electronics. 1979.-